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Margasira Masa ra Manabasa Guru Baara Puja – Laxmi Puja – Typical Odia Puja and Osha , manabasa festival at odisha
Manabasa Gurubar is a great festival for all Odias . It is the worship of Goddess Maa Lakshmi in the month of Margasira or called as magusura masa as per traditional Odia Panji (Calendar). They wake up very early in the morning and clean the house with broom-sticks, for it is believed that goddess Lakshmi would never visit the house if the house in dirty and untidy. The entrances as well as the door step of the house are plastered with either cow-dung paste or red soil & the house is decorated with artistic Odias alpana (called chita). a pot made of bamboo canes (called adda diba) used in the olden days for measuring paddy (known as mana) is filled up to the brink with freshly harvested paddy.
Beautiful sketches are drawn on it to welcome the Goddess. This is called ‘Jhoti’ in odiya and ‘alpana’ in Hindi. Popular contents of ‘Jhoti’ include ‘Laxmi-Paada’, the footprint of Goddess Laxmi, Lotus, Her favorite flower and other figures. Western Odisha people used to call it as ‘Margasira Gurubar’ or more clearly, ‘Magsir Gurbar’ or “magusura gurubara”.
Women folk observe a vrath called “Margashira Lakshmi Vara Vratham.This vrath is also called as “MANABASA GURUBAR VRATA”.
Manabasa Gurubar 2012 dates are November 29, December 6, December 13 and December 27. .In Odisha , we believed as Maa Laxmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth and prosperity, visit homes in Margasira month to every home who called her with heart .
- Wash the floor and decorate it with jhoti /chitta painting of rice paste.
- On a low table (khatuli pedi ), spread some newly harvested paddy grains of white color.
- Fill mana (a measuring pot made of cane called diba / boda /adda (made up Bamboo) ) with such grains and place it on the low table.
- Wash three betel nuts in turmeric water and place them on the mana dhana.
- Decorate the place with vegetables, flowers and colored cloth.
- Then invoke Mahalakshmi with lamp and incense and offer three offerings of meals in puja.”
- Read out the Mahalakshmi Purana written by ancient poet Balaram Das while performing the puja.
Legend / History :-
The Legend of Manabasa Gurubar is based on the ancient scripture “Lakshmi Puran”. The untouchables were not allowed to pray, worship and do rituals to God in the ancient ages. At that time Sriya a woman from untouchables dares to pray and worship and wins over the support of Goddess Lakshmi. But the real story begins when Lakshmi got separated by Lord Jagannath at the behest of his brother Balabhadra. Because she ends discrimination on earth by encouraging even untouchables to conduct rituals and worship. As Lakshmi moves out of Jagannath’s house, both Jagannath and Balram undergo immense suffering so much even they have to starve without water and food.
The curse of Lakshmi had a severe impact on both the brothers for 12 years and they had a tough time. Soon they realised the importance of Lakshmi and were keen to bring her back to their home. Lakshmi returned to Jagannath’s house on one condition that there will be no discrimination of caste and creed on earth. This unique story highlights the fact that for God everyone was equal. Besides it reflected the reforms and progressive stance of Gods from the ancient times. Only in the end through Narad it is revealed that Jagannath to end cast-ism and discrimination from this earth. He had himself “set up” these series of events which highlighted the social message besides the strength of true spirituality. The story not only draws an attention towards Castism but also gives an inspiration towards Women Empowerment.
Odia film Director Sabyasachi Mahapatra has presented the story of this festival in his film ‘Jai Jagannath’ released in 15 languages.
During the period the houses are kept neat and clean. “Chita” (Alpana) is drawn to welcome Goddess Lakshmi. Special pujas are offered to Goddess Lakshmi. According to Odia scripture, Goddess Lakshmi is worshiped on every Thursday during the Odia month of Margasira by, Oriya women, with utmost devotion. The women wake up very early in the morning and clean the house with broomsticks. It is believed that Goddess Lakshmi never visits a house if it is untidy and dirty. The doorsteps as well as the entrance are decorated with artistic Odia’s alpana called chita. The decoration also constitutes a pot made of bamboo canes used in the earlier days for measuring paddy (known as Mana). It is filled up to the brink with newly harvested paddy. It is believed that Goddess Lakshmi visits every house during the Puja. This is continued for 4 Thursdays (even if there may be 5). In this Puja different type of tasty cuisine like Manda Pitha, Khiri, Kakara, Chitau etc. are prepared and distributed to neighbors. On this day all Oriya women read Lakhmi Puran. It marks the end of this auspicious occasion.
This bellow poet added by Swagatika Pati
****CHAKULIA NANA KAHE****
Dharma Parayana Data Kale Kale Thiba, Dharma Rakhya Paain Sada Dharmare Rahiba .
Anyaya Adharme Jadi Karuthiba Basa , Bhogiba Sabhiyen Bhai Maha Laxmi Rosa .
Laxmi Chhada Nahabaku Gurubara Brata, Karuthiba Jadi Haare Anyara Duta .
Maya Moha Sansararu Taribaara Paain, Saantaani Maha Laxmi Pase Thibu Rahi.
Laxmi Tyaga Kari Raama Sena Gale Hari, Lava Kusha Dekhanti Kie Hela Bhari.
Tyaga Kari Buddha Dharma E Desharu Gala, Laxmi Chhada Hoi Kalia Bara Duara Bulila.
Jay Jaya Maha Laxmi Diago Sarana , Sabhinkara Heu Duhkha Kasta Nibarana.
E Odia Bhokila Petaru Jau Bhoka , Maha Laxmi Saranare Katijijau Duhkha .