[box_info]Postal Stamps & FDC of Veer Laxman Nayak issued on His birth Day! – 22nd Nov [/box_info]
Stamp Issue Date : 29/03/1989
Postage Stamp Dinomination : 0.60 Paisa
Postal Stamp Serial Number : 1366
Postal Stamp Name : Laxan Nayak
Stamp Currency : P
Stamp Language : English
Occasion : 29 March 1989Shaheed Laxman Nayak – Commemoration
Born :22 November 1899(1899-11-22) at Tentuligumma, Malkangiri, Orissa, India.
Died :29 March 1943 (aged 43) Berhampur Jail, Orissa, India.
Laxman Nayak or Laxman Naik (November 22, 1899 – March 29, 1943) was a civil rights activist of SouthOrissa in eastern India. Laxman Nayak, a folk-hero of Orissa and a cult-figure among its tribals, was born on 22nd November, 1899 in Tentuliguma village of Koraput district and his father padlam Nayak was a tribal chieftain and ‘Mustadar’ under ‘Jeypore Samasthanam’ in the then Madras Presidency.
On March 29, 1943, as the Berhampur circle jail was preparing the death noose for the legendary tribal leader Lakhman Nayak, falsely implicated by the Britishers and put on death row for his valiant crusade against them, the entire gallows was awakening to a chorus of undying patriotism. Loud cheers of ‘Vande Mataram’ and ‘Bharat Mata Ki Jai’ was misting the air.
But in his dark, damp cell, a strange calmness has taken over Lakhman Nayak and a glow sparking from his visage getting more pronounced with time.
Within next few minutes, the glow has disappeared as his numbed body hung from the death noose, but not before making a reappearance in thousands of tribal youths who have come to understand the meaning of political and social liberation through the sacrifice of Lakhman Nayak. And the calmness had burst through the lull into a giant resurgence, a turbulence that finally blew away the mighty British occupation from India.
Still inspiring generations as one of the most loved folk-heroes of Odisha and a cult-figure among its tribals, Lakhman Nayak was born on 22 November, 1899 in Tentuligumma, a small hamlet nestled amidst the hills of Malkangiri, in the then undivided Koraput district.
His father Padlam Nayak was a tribal chieftain and ‘Mustadar’ under ‘Jeypore Samasthanam’ in the then Madras Presidency, the local administration functioning as a subsidiary of the British Government.
The innocent tribals under this administration were treated cruelly by the revenue officials, forest guides and police constables, and were subjected to regular torture. But few dared to resist the exploitation in fear of severe retribution, as severe as death penalty which was not uncommon on those days.
The fearless Lakhman Nayak took the cudgel on behalf of the tribals and organized them against the oppression by the officials of Jeypore Samasthanam. This brought him recognition as a potential tribal leader and the National Congress, then leading the freedom struggle in the country, admitted Nayak into its fold.
During the course of his training in Naupuri training centre for Congress workers, Nayak had the opportunity to meet and interact with several Zonal and State level leaders which enabled him to broaden his horizons. His training inculcated in him a spirit for Nationalism and indoctrinated him with the Gandhian principles of truth, nonviolence and peaceful non-cooperation with the British Government.
He carried a Charkha, with the message of adult education and abstinence from alcohol to every tribal household of his area and brought about a huge change in the rural scenario.
In 1936, the first ever general election was held in India. Lakhman Nayak was made the Chef de Mission in the National Congress campaign in the Malkangiri Sub-division and played a crucial role in spreading the political and social messages of the party in the region.
In August 1942, the entire nation was on boil as Mahatma Gandhi had called for “Quit India Movement’ as the final struggle against British imperialism in the country.
Lakhman Nayak took on the call and began galvanizing the people of Koraput, moving from one village to another, stoking the tribals for the crucial battle.
On August 21, 1942, Lakhman Nayak led a huge procession of tribals to the Mythili Police Station and demonstrated peacefully in front of it. But the police fired at the demonstrators indiscriminately. The unarmed crowd ran for protection, hundreds jumped into a nearby river to escape bullets but the unprecedented cruelty of the British officers left over forty dead and more than two hundred were injured.
The administration further falsely implicated Lakhman Kayak in a case of murder and the death sentence was pronounced on him on 13th November, 1942.He was hanged to death on 29th March 1943 in Berhampur circle Jail.
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source:- http://hubpages.com, Jasodhara Global Media,wikipedia