“Gamha Purnima / Gamha Diyan” – One the ritual and traditional festival of Odisha

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[box_info] “Gamha Purnima- ( ଗହ୍ମା ପୁର୍ଣିମା )” – One the ritual and traditional festival of Odisha [/box_info]

The full moon day which is of Hindu month of Shravan is celebrated as ‘Gamha Purnima’. This is also the day on which ‘Rakshya Bandhan’ is observed so it is also known as ‘Rakhi Punima’ in Odisha.

Gamha Purnima- ( ଗହ୍ମା ପୁର୍ଣିମା )

Rakhi is also celebrated as Gamha Purnima in Odisha. On this date, all the domesticated Cows and Bullocks are decorated and worshipped. Various kinds of country-made cakes called Pitha and sweets mitha are made and distributed within families, relatives and friends.

Gamha Purnima- ( ଗହ୍ମା ପୁର୍ଣିମା )

Gamha Purnima- ( ଗହ୍ମା ପୁର୍ଣିମା )

This day is also celebrated as Gamha Purnima, the  birthday of Lord Baladeva, the elder brother of Lord Sri Krishna.  In Odisha/ Orissa especially in Paralakhemundi , Nayagarh  and other parts, the  birthday of Lord Baladeva is celebrated through a popular game  known as Gamha-Diyan (The Gamha Jump). Before the auspicious  day, the Gamha (platform) is made of bricks, mud and grass. The  middle of the platform is filled with stones to make it strong  enough. It is made high upwards and low downwards making the shape of a spur. Its top looks like a tower. A short distance from the top of the Gamha,  two poles are dug in opposite direction, which are connected with a bamboo stick tied to  both the poles. In the bamboo stick various fruits like oranges, bananas, coconuts etc. are  tied very carefully. The people one by one come with a run from the downward of the  Gamha, and on reaching the top, give a jump to catch the fruits. One who touches a fruit gets an attractive prize.   (src wiki)

Raksha Bandhan (ରାକ୍ଷୀ ପୁର୍ଣିମା – ରାକ୍ଷୀ ବନ୍ଧନ):- 

                RakhiPurnima_ eodishaRaksha Bandhan , (the bond of protection), Rakhya mean Protection and Bandhan mean Bond, So it’s like called as the bond of protection . Rakhi is an important Hindu festival primarily observed in India, Mauritius and Nepal along with all other countries with the presence of Hindus , which celebrates the relationship between brothers (shaurya), cousins and sisters. It is also called Rakhi Purnima. The day is synonymous with Janai Purnima , when Brahmins and Chhettri community change their holy thread annually. in most of India.It is also celebrated in some parts of Pakistan. The festival is observed by Hindus and Jains.

Raksha Bandhan is one of the special occasions in India which celebrates the  eternal relation between a brother and sister. The festival is  celebrated on the full-moon day of the month of Sravana  which falls in the month of August. On this auspicious day  the sister ties a Rakhi on the hand of the brother as a mark  of love and honour. Rakhi threads are better known as Dori. The festival is marked by the tying of a Rakhi or  Holy Thread by the sister on the wrist of her brother. The brother in return offers a gift to his sister and promise to  look after her. The brother and sister traditionally feed each other sweets. It is still celebrated today, and the brother and sister have to treat each other well for the day.   Every year on the day of the festival a sister ties the   Rakhi thread on the hand of the brother and prays for his  wellbeing and long life. From historical times Rakhi has been considered as protection  bond. In the Mahabharata and Vedic Period, there is reference to this auspicious event.

jhula jatraJhulan Purnima , Jhulan Jatra:-

In Oriya Jagannath culture, the lord Krishna & Radha enjoy the beautiful rainy season of Shravana starting from Shukla Pakhya Ekadashi (usually 4 days before Purnima) and ending on Rakhi Purnima with a festival called Jhulan Yatra. Idols of Radha-Krishna are beautifully decorated on a swing called Jhulan, hence the name Jhulan Yatra.

Birth Day of Gangadhar Meher (Odia: ଗଙ୍ଗାଧର ମେହେର) :-

Gangadhar Meher

             Gangadhar Meher (Odia: ଗଙ୍ଗାଧର ମେହେର), renowned Odia poet of 19th century also known as Swabhab Kavi,was a literary Midas, who transformed everything into gold by the alchemist touch of his genius. He was a born poet of delicate charm. His was a clean white style. His poem Bhakti (The Devotion) bears eloquent testimony to the change in religious outlook. He was essentially a poet of intuition and side by side he had a penetrating insight. Though poor in wealth and education, he was very rich in mind and culture. In almost all his writings there is a glimpse of originality.

Gangadhar was born in 1862 on the full moon day of Shravan  , which is called as Gamha Purnima- ( ଗହ୍ମା ପୁର୍ଣିମା ) at Barpali of present day Bargarhdistrict ofOdisha. Chaitanya Meher was working as a village Vaidya (Ayurvedic doctor) besides his family profession of weaving.

Story of  Gamha Diyan – ( ଗହ୍ମା ଡିଆଁ ) :- 

The  birthday of Lord Baladeva is celebrated through a popular game  known as Gamha-Diyan (The Gamha Jump). Before the auspicious  day, the Gamha (platform) is made of bricks, mud and grass. The  middle of the platform is filled with stones to make it strong  enough. It is made high upwards and low downwards making the shape of a spur. Its top looks like a tower. A short distance from the top of the Gamha,  two poles are dug in opposite direction, which are connected with a bamboo stick tied to  both the poles. In the bamboo stick various fruits like oranges, bananas, coconuts etc. are  tied very carefully. The people one by one come with a run from the downward of the  Gamha, and on reaching the top, give a jump to catch the fruits. One who touches a fruit gets an attractive prize.

Traditions   for this Day:
Preparations for the event, starts early in the morning with the members of the  family . Then the sweets and Rakhi threads are arranged. Sisters prepare the Thali for the  Puja. The Thali consists of rice grains, incense sticks, sweets, kumkum (vermillion) and
an earthen or metal lamp called diya. The first offerings of the day are made to the  deities of the family. Then Arti ceremony, a pious Hindu festival, is performed. After  completion of Arti the sister puts chawal and tilak on the forehead of the brother and then
ties the Rakhi on his hand. Sacred mantras are chanted all around as the brother and sister are united by one of the heavenly pledges.


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