The National Voluntary Blood Donation Day on 1 October celebrated every year in India since on 1 October 1975.It is organized by National Blood Transfusion Council (NBTC) and National AIDS Control Organization, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare of Government of India.
The main objectives of National Voluntary Blood Donation Day
- To increase awareness among the people and the importance of voluntary blood donation.
- To achieve 100 percent Voluntary Blood Donation, so as to be able to give the safest blood to the needy patients.
- To have enough blood stock in our blood banks for any eventuality.
- To give our thanks and reinforce the self esteem of those who donate blood voluntarily, so that they continue to do so regularly.
- To inspire those who has not donated blood but are in good health, to start donating blood.
- To inspire those donors who donate blood only for their relatives or friends, to donate voluntarily.
Legal Protection in India for blood donation
Safe blood transfusion comes under the legal protection as it is life saving and also fatal. Fundamental right under part III of Indian Constitution (Article 21) spells out that no person shall be deprived of his life. The Consumer Protection Act of 1986 also covers blood as a commodity. Indian Panel code chapter XIV, sections 269 and 270 also provide for protection against spread of infectious diseases due to negligent and malignant acts. Drugs and Cosmetics Act of 1940 also establishes regulations for blood banking and transfusions.
Dr. J. G. Jolly (born 1 October 1926, died 5 October 2013) is an Indian physician and Emeritus Professor of the Department of Transfusion Medicine at the Post Graduate Institute of Medical E d u c a t i o n a n d Research, Chandigarh, India. He was an internationally known expert in the field of blood transfusion, who pioneered the voluntary blood donation movement in India, and is regarded as the “Father of Transfusion Medicine in India”. He spearheaded the campaign to prohibit sale and purchase of blood from professional donors in India, which was later incorporated into the National Blood Policy of India by the Government of India. He has generated awareness among the masses about the significance of blood donation programmes by observing “Blood Donation Day” on 1 October. This has helped in obtaining adequate quantity of quality blood from voluntary donors. His dedicated work has contributed magnificently to the development and excellence in professional service, research and teaching in the field of Transfusion Medicine in India.
He was the founder of the Blood Bank Society, Chandigarh, founder President of Indian Society of Blood Transfusion and Immunohematology and made significant contributions to the development of Blood program me in India. As a result of his contributions, he represented India in numerous International Delegations as well as scientific conferences. During the course of these visits he got the opportunity of studying the blood transfusion programme in different parts of the world for revamping the organizational set up in India. On the completion of his assignment at the PGI, Chandigarh he joined SGPGI Lucknow to establish a department of excellence where he introduced postgraduate degrees in Transfusion Medicine for the first time in India. He then provided consultation to the Government Medical College, Chandiagrh.
In his last years, he concentrated his activities primarily towards the academic development of transfusion medicine and to provide free factors to hemophiliacs. He also advocated “screening of parents and unborn babies for thalassemia in India”. He has emphasized the need for the provision of more advanced facilities for the preparation of blood components in India. He has worked to meeting blood requirement during disasters. Being associated with the National and State Blood Transfusion Councils of Punjab, Haryana and Chandigarh he has continued his efforts in the development of Transfusion services in the region. He was also instrumental in setting up a department of Transfusion Medicine, having well established units for blood components at the newly established Government Medical College, Chandigarh. As an international expert on Blood Transfusion Medicine, he has reviewed Strategies for Safe Blood Transfusion for the World Health Organization, and has written over 100 scientific articles in international journals.
As a result of his innumerable contributions in this field Dr. Jolly is recognized as the leader of blood banking in India. Among the numerous distinctions conferred on Dr. Jolly are the J. G. Mukherjee gold medal by the Lucknow University for distinguished research contribution (1958), Dr. B. C. Roy National Award for the development of the specialty of Blood Transfusion in India (1981), Philip Levine Memorial Award for national contributions in Transfusion Medicine (1993) and IDPL Diamond Jubilee IMA Oration Award (1996). He was also awarded by The Chandigarh Administration on the Republic Day of India for social service and illustrious achievements in the field of blood donation. The fact that the speciality of blood transfusion has begun to be recognized in India can be attributed to the sustained effort of Dr. Jolly. He has been accorded recognition by the World Health Organization, International Society of Blood Transfusion and World Federation of Hemophilia.
Criteria for blood donors as per the Drugs and Cosmetics Act 1940:
• Age is between 18 to 65 years.
• Body weight is 45 kg and above.
• Pulse rate 60 to 100 per minute and regular
• Blood Pressure of Systolic 100 to180mm of mercury; Diastolic 50 to100mm of mercury.
• Hemoglobin minimum 12.5gm/100ml of blood.
•Oral temperature should not exceed 37.50C.
About National blood transfusion council
In accordance with the directive of the Supreme Court, National Blood Transfusion Council was constituted in 1996 as a Registered Society.
Main objectives of National blood transfusion council
• Promote voluntary blood donation
• Ensure safe blood transfusion
• Provide infrastructure to blood centers