Odisha Historic Tourist Places – Ushakothi – The Rock Art & Rock Shelter which is a legacy of Pre-historic #Sundargarh #Odisha #Tourism #Ushakothi
Sundargarh region has a rich cultural heritage. There are evidences of man living in this region, since the old stone age, in the form of stone tools used by them for hunting. However man used Rock shelters in this region during the New Stone Age. Such rock shelters are to be found at Lekhamoda, Manikmoda, Ushakothi, Tonga in Hemgir, Lephripara region .
Akhanda Parvata near Belsara at Tangarpali Block and Mahavir Parvat in Bargaon Block. A sogmofocamt discovery in the field of prehistoric archaeology is popularly known as Rock Arts which is a Global phenomenon dating back to 30,000 years. Paintings, engraving and brushing found executed on bare rock faces in the naturally formed caves and rock shelters are the earliest written and visual documents of the prehistoric man. Those are to be found Manikmoda, Ushakothi, Tonga and Lekhamoda signifying the development of human culture in this region. Sundargarh district has almost 2/3rd of the Rock Arts so far discovered in Odisha.
Ushakothi – The Rock Art & Rock Shelter which is a legacy of Pre-historic
Ushakothi / Ushakuthi is a Rock Shelter situated near Rajbahal in Lephripada Tehsil. Lephripara is a Tehsil in Sundargarh District of Odisha State, India. Lephripara Tehsil Head Quarters is Lephiripara town . It is located 26 KM towards west from District head quarters Sundargarh. 343 KM from State capital Bhubaneswar towards East . It is 47 KMs from Sundargarh, 124 KMs from Sambalpur and 143 KMs from Rourkela.
Ushakothi is situated in the district of Sundergarh at a distance of about 40 kms in the west of Sundergarh city near Rajbahal in Lephripada Tehsil . It is a tribal dominated area. It is famous for its ancient caves and cave paintings. The cave paintings of this place trace to Neolithic period. There are two hills where the paintings could be found. The hills are about 2 kms apart from each other. The paintings on both the hills are liner and different from each other. It is an important site for archeology. The path between Sundergarh and Ushakothi is partly laid on gravel and tar and the rest path is through the twist and turns of forest. It is an ideal place for trekking. The nearest railhead is Himagiri Railway Station. 45 kilometer from Sambalpur town.
Ushakothi, a tribal dominated area famed for ancient rock cut caves and cave paintings, is located in Sambalpur district, about 47 km from Sundargarh and 157 km from Rourkela. The cave measuring, 46m in height and 61m in width is situated at the foot of Maheswar hill in the middle of a deep forest. The paintings inside the cave ranges from small geometrical and floral patterns to animal motifs and human figures, date back to Neolithic period.
A picturesque wildlife sanctuary named Ushakothi or Badrama Sanctuary is located at a distance of 45km to the east of Sambalpur town. Established in 1957-58, the sanctuary sprawl over an area of about 285sq kms is the home to animals like bison, sambar, panthers, tigers, chital, nilgai, wolves, leopards, spotted deers etc. The flora species in the sanctuary includes Arjun, Acacia, Neem, Sal, Sandalwood and Casuarinas. The sanctuary contains two masonry watch towers each measuring a height of 30 feet. From this tower, visitors can have a good view of the surroundings and can watch the animals roaming in their natural habitat.
History on Ushakothi :-
Here, paintings are found in three rock shelters where as engravings are found in only two of them i.e. Rushi-kund and Sita-kund. The engravings of Rushi-kund has been executed over a well demarcated rubbed surface on the back wall, on one line, is very interesting. The engraving is finally smeared with a layer of Red Ochre.
More on Ushakothi Rock Art
The other forms of engravings are human palm, foot and triangular patterns resembling female genitals. To the right of the engraved panel is a space of 1m X 0.60m executed with an excellent specimen of intricate wavy decorative painting in dark red and yellow pigments. Except a few specimens of palm prints and triangular patterns, the entire wall of the rock shelters is randomly decorated with a host of broom/beaten brush or rod patterns in dark.
The pattern consists of three to five lines diverging from a point with an average length of 0.20m and is very enigmatic in its depiction. Two grinding holes on the floor of the rock shelter and the collection of microliths from the adjoining slopes amply the archaeological significance of the rock shelters of Usha-kuthi.
How to Reach Ushakothi :-
- By Bus / Car :- It is 47 KMs from Sundargarh, 124 KMs from Sambalpur and 143 KMs from Rourkela and 343 KM from State capital Bhubaneswar towards East .
- By Train /By RailWay Station :-
- Railway station 55 KM near to Lephripara.
- Hemagiri Rail Way Station 30 KM near
- Daghora Rail Way Station 34 KM near
- Belpahar Rail Way Station 35 KM near
- Brajrajnagar Rail Way Station 38 KM near
- By Air Ports :-
- Ranchi Airport 229 KM near
- Raipur Airport 265 KM near
- Bhubaneswar Airport 328 KM near
- Gaya Airport 353 KM near
Where To Stay near by Ushakuthi / Hotels Near by Lephripara:-
- Yogendra Hotel
Main rd; Jharsuguda; Orissa
Price Range : Rs. 800 – Rs. 2300
- Pathik Hotel
Near Railway Station; Raigarh; Chattisgarh; Pin code- 496001
Price Range : Rs. 400 – Rs. 1000
- Bishnu Palace Hotel
Beheramal Chowk; Jharsuguda; Orissa
Price Range : Rs. 1400 – Rs. 2100
- Ans International Hotel
Jagatpur;Dhimrapur rd; Raigarh; Chattisgarh; Pin code- 496001
Price Range : Rs. 2200 – Rs. 6100
- Aryan Hotel
Bijunagar; Jharsuguda; Orissa
Price Range : Rs. 1400 – Rs. 2800