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TRIVIA OF REEL ODISHA  FILM ERA – #Odia Old #Film Details #OdishaTalk #OdiaFilm Article By: Taranisen Pattnaik
April 28th is celebrated in Odisha as birthday of Odia Film industry since the first Odia movie was released on this very day by a Ram Leela artist named Mohan Sundar DebGoswami, the initial start-up concept in film making in Odisha. He never thought of any monetary aspect behind film making, but took it as a challenge to dream of film making in a state like Odisha. Initially, Odia cinema made a slow start because the industry had to depend on the infrastructure & facilities available in Kolkata. The wait for the second Odia film was long. After the release of Sita Bibaha in 1936, it took 13 years for the second Odia film Lalita (1949) to hit the screens. The urge to break free from this dependence was on. In 1959, Kabiraj Krushna Chandra Tripathy Sharma of Aska (Ganjam) did. His film Sri Sri Mahalaxmi Puja featured amateur artists from all over Odisha.

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Interestingly most of the initial films were adapted from great Odia novels which are in abundance in Odisha. Lets walk down the pages of Odia film history & carry out some interesting trivia talks –

  • 1936 – Sita Bibaha– First Odia film, total 14 songs, two songs lyrics by Narasingh Nada Sharma & rest by Mohan Sundar DebGoswami, released on April 28th 1936 at Laxmi Talkies, Puri, first & only produced/directed movie by Mohan DebGoswami
  • 1949 Lalita– First Odia film post independence after a long gap of 13 years.
  • 1950 Shri Jagannath– First Public Ltd production company in India was made in Odisha, Gopal Ghosh’s only film as actor
  • 1951 Rolls to Eight(Rolls 28) – First Odia film with English title, first Odia social drama & love story, adapted from Kali Charan Patnaik’s novel,
  • 1951 Sapta-Sajya– First film of theatre star Byomkesh Tripathy
  • 1953 Amari Gaon Jhia – First Odia Bengali bi-lingual movie
  • 1954 Kedar Gouri– Music director duo Bhubaneswar Mishra & Balakrushna Das’s first movie
  • 1956 Bhai Bhai– Novelist Manoj Das’s only Odia movie song ‘Bhulana bhulana sakhi’
  • 1958 Maa– First movie of singer Akshay Mohanty,Pranab Patnaik & lyricist Gurukrushna Goswami, Music director Bhubaneswar Mishra (solo), adapted from novel by Gyanendra Verma.

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  • 1958 Maa – DancerGuru Kelucharan Mohapatra was the choreographer for the movie
  • 1959 Sri Sri Mahalaxmi Puja – First Odia movie produced in Odisha by Aska based Krushna Chandra Tripathy Sharma’s Utkal Chalachitra Pvt Ltd
  • 1960 Shri Lokanath– First movie of music director Balakrushna Dash & lyricist Narasingh Mahapatra, first Odia movie to win National Award
  • 1961 Parinama– First lullaby (lori in Hindi or nanabaya in Odia) song in Odia films ‘Dho re baya dho’ (lyrics Narasingh Mahapatra)
  • 1962 Laxmi– First movie of singer Sikandar Alam
  • 1962 Shri Shri Patita Pabana – First film song of Prafulla Kar as singer
  • 1963 Jayadeb– Lyrics by famous novelist & politician Dr Mayadhar Mansingh
  • 1963 Nua Bou– Experiment done by using various names of Odia/Hindi movie names in the song ‘Aha goonj uthi sehnai’ (which was later on tried in Bollywood’s Ek Duje Ke Liye); Prasanta Nanda won National Award as best actor
  • 1963 Surjyamukhi– First movie of music director Santanu Mohapatra who had introduced ‘jumping notes’ into Odia movies inspired from SD Burman,  Singer Lata Mangeskar’s first Odia song (Sei chuna chuna tara) & Manna Dey (Bandhu re); First Odia movie qawali song – ‘Aei ranga rahiba nahi’
  • 1964 Amada Bata– Adapted from novel by Basant Kumari Patnaik, the song ‘Eta kali kala re’ was called servant song & initially Akshay Mohanty was singing such songs since no lead singer was agreeing for it
  • 1963 Jibana Sathi – Adapted from Bengali novel by Sailesh Dey; First Odia movie to be shot in Shimla; only Odia movie whose audio release (gramophone) was not made due to time constraint & delay by music companies.
  • 1964 Manika Jodi– Panchasakha pictures banner members – Srinibas Paikray, Dhira Biswal, Ramkrushna Tripathy, Kailash Ch Karana.
  • 1964 Sadhana – Movie based on Ashapurna Devi’s novel ”Chhadapatra”’ First movie from Sambalpur, hence released at Laxmi Talkies (SBP) on 18.9.1964; First Sambalpuri song (Jhum jhum baje) & Rabindra Sangeet genre (Tumari priti nei) in Odia movie; First Odia song to use chorus – ‘Nayane sunayana’. Its said that ‘Abhi na jao chhodkar’ song (Hum Dono) is based on this tune.

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  • 1965 Abhinetri– First Odia movie with double roles (Actress Jharana Das as Chaya/Maya), adapted from novel by Kanhu Charan Mohanty
  • 1965 Mala Janha– First movie of Akshay Mohanty as Music Director, adapted from novel by Upendra Kishor Das, won national award for best Odia movie.
  • 1966 Ka – Odia movie with the shortest name
  • 1965 Matira Manisa – Adapted from novel by Kalindi Charan Panigrahi; Only Odia film to be directed by Mrinal Sen; Won National Award for best Odia film & actor (Prasanta Nanda)
  • 1968 Arundhati – First Odia song of singer Usha Mangeskar (Ei chota katha), originally to be sung by Lataji but she recommended her sister’s name instead; Mohd Rafi’s only Odia released movie as singer (Tumaku paruni & Mayuri go). Note:- Prafulla Kar was the first Odia music director to record a song with Mohd Rafi, but the movie never got released
  • 1968 Stree – First Odia twist dance number – ‘Jhumi jhumi ase akhi’; First lyric song of music director Swaroop N Nayak (brother of lyricist Sarada P Nayak), acted & sang the intro too; Actress Sujata Anand’s pre-marriage name was Kuldip Kaur; Director Siddharth name consists of Parbati Ghosh, Gaur Ghosh, Ramchandra Thakur & Sarada Prasanna Nayak
  • 1969 Bandhan – Movie made with efforts from Niranjan Patnaik, based on play “Aa Sarada Mamun”; First majhi (boatman) song ‘Maa Kalijae lo’ in Odia films sung by Pranab Pattnaik
  • 1970 Adina Megha – Adapted from novel by Kuntala Kumari Acharya; First song of singer Geeta Patnaik, Trupti Das sang ‘Boulo ki kahibi’ at the age of 8, Akshay Mohanty’s first song for a lead actor
  • 1973 Dharitri – First released film of Sriram Panda (actor), Brundaban Jena (lyricist), Upendra Kumar (music director); adapted from novel by Amulya Kumari Patnaik
  • 1973 Ghara Bahuda– First double meaning song in Odia film – ‘Mo sange laagna tu’
  • 1973 Ghara Sansara – First cabaret song in Odia film ‘Raat sarabi preet gulabi’, first film song of singer Bhikari Bal ‘Prabhu pada tale’
  • 1973 Sansara – First Odia film to be made tax free by the state government, produced by Health Dept based on Family Planning; Comeback movie of Akshay Mohanty (Kashyap) after Mala Janha; “Naka’ra naka’ra mana” song may be considered as the first philosophical song by Pranab Patnaik; ‘Dheu dheuka pahada tale’ song was originally tried on Trupti & Gita Patnaik, but finally recorded with Nirmala Mishra; One Sambalpuri song written by State Health Minister MP Mishra (Jae phula re)

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  • 1974 Kanakalata– Adapted from novel by Pallikabi Nanda Kishor Bal; Lyrics by great like Kavi Samrat Upendra Bhanj, Abhimanyu Samantasinghar, Bhakta Kavi Madhusudan Rao, Swabhab Kavi Gangadhar Meher
  • 1975 Jajabara – First Odia film to be colourised later on in 2009; First film with a title song, Director Trimurti consisted of Akshay Mohanty, Bijaya Mishra & Hemanta Das
  • 1975 Mamata– First film of Prafulla Kar as music director, It’s said that the Hindi song ‘Engrezi mein kehte hain (Khuddar) was inspired from the song “Mun ta manisa marini’
  • 1975 Samaya – First partially coloured Odia movie, music director duo of Bhuban-Hari (Bhubaneswar Mishra & Hariprasad Chaurasia) started film career with this movie; First Odia movie song by singer Mukesh (Re priya mora)
  • 1976 Bati Ghara – Director Abhiyatrik is actually a group of five directors -Anant Mohapatra, Sadhu Meher, Byomkesh Tripathy, Ashu Dutt & Jayant Kumar
  • 1976 Gapa Hele Bi Sata– First fully coloured film in Odia; Odisha Film Development Corporation (OFDC) was created in 1976 for promoting growth of Odia film industry
  • 1976 Krushna Sudama– First film of singer Bhubaneswari Mishra
  • 1976 Sindura Bindu – Mahasweta acted as junior artist in a song “Adine malli mahake’; Jaubana ru apradh’ song by Sibabrata Das was banned by AIR-Cuttack since it was feared that the song will encourage pre-marital sex, hence Sibabrata was told to apologize publicly; Experimentation in Qawali type singing tried in song ‘Tuma saree ra ranga’
  • 1976 Sesha Srabana – Second Odia movie made in colour, debut movie of Mahasweta Ray as actress; First & only Odia movie to have a remake in Hindi as ‘Naiya’, Rajshri Productions with Prasanta Nanda as director/actor
  • 1977 Abhimana – Debut movie of Uttam Mohanty (actor), directed by Sadhu Meher (first Odia star to win National Award for Ankur-1974)
  • 1977 AnutapaFirst film lyrics by Nizam & first film song of singer Tansen Singh
  • 1977 Chilika Teeray– First movie of actor Bijay Mohanty for which he received the National award, Nagaphasa was also released in same year (as villain)
  • 1977 Naga Phasa– Directed by Producer Basant Nayak himself (only film as director) & assisted by singer Akshay Mohanty when Sisir Mishra left the project; experiment carried out with mujra syle song in ‘Bada bedardi’
  • 1977 Punarmilana– First all Telugu production including heroine Roja Ramani, remake of Choti bahen (Hindi) .
  • 1978 Saakhi Gopinath – First movie of music director Basudeb Rath. He is said to have introduced disco music into Odia films; First Odia movie of singer Anuradha Paudwal .

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  • 1978 Ta’apoi– Directional debut of actor Sarat Pujari, based on folk story
  • 1979 Samar Salim Simon– Sekhar Ghosh’s first movie song ‘ Hrudaya ra ei shunyata’ (it was originally made for AIR-Cuttack)
  • 1979 Srikrushna’ka Rasa Leela– First Odia movie in Eastman colour, concept by Guru Kelucharan Mahapatra
  • 1979 Sautuni– Kau dhana khaila boli’ lyrics was made in the lines of Jhoot bole kawa kaate (Bobby)
  • 1980 Alibha Daga– First Odia movie with A certificate (due to a rape scene)
  • 1980 Aparichitaa– Adapted from novel by Pratibha Ray
  • 1980 Kiye Jite Kiye Haare– Akshay Mohanty’s 1st movie as an actor & one song was picturised on him with Rupalekha Ray
  • 1980 Maa O Mamata– First Odia movie for Akshay Mohanty & Prafulla Kar to sing together who both were persuaded by actor Prasant Nanda for the song ‘Kie sata kie satara’
  • 1981 Arati– Dancer Helen had appeared in a song picturisation
  • 1981 Batashi Jhada– Salil Chowdhury’s first Odia movie as music director
  • 1981 Nila Shaila– Songs made by Prafulla Kar, but movie never got released
  • 1983 Ulka– Music director duo-Bibhu Mohanty & Raju Mishra (also director), only hero film of screen play/director Binod Mishra ,  ‘Abhimanini ye’ song is said to be inspired from initial lines of song “kai din se mujhe” (Akhiyon Ki Jharokhon Se)
  • 1982 Astaraga – First movie of actress Aparajita Mohanty
  • 1982 Hisab Nikas – First Odia film in cinema scope,

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  • 1982 Samaya Bada BalabanInspired from Amar Akbar Anthony & Zanzeer movies; choreography by Saroj Khan
  • 1983 Bhakta Salabega– Lyricist Gulzar saab’s first song in Odia films – ‘Rakshame jis taraf’ (Urdu Qawali)
  • 1983 Jhiati Sita Pari– Adapted from novel by Sukamini Nanda
  • 1983 Subarna Sita– Adapted from novel by Bina Mohapatra
  • 1981 Swapna Sagara– First Odia 70mm cinemascope movie
  • 1982 Sita Rati– First Odia art movie adapted from novel by Mrs Bibhuti Patnaik, (keeping aside Matira Manisa movie), won national award for best regional film
  • 1983 Maya Miriga– Adapted from novel by Bibhuti Patnaik, first Odia movie to be screened at Cannes Film Fest 1984, only directional movie of Nirad Mohapatra
  • 1984 Basanta Raasa– Odia movie with highest songs – 81 songs
  • 1984 Kaberi– Adapted from novel by Gayatri Basu Mallik
  • 1985 Babula– First children’s & sci-fi movie made in Odia directed by Sadhu Meher, also dubbed in Hindi & Kannada
  • 1985 Hakim Babu– Adapted from novel by Mrs Bibhuti Patnaik; won National award
  • 1985 Jaga Hathare Pagha– Singer Mohd Aziz & actress Baishali Panda’s first Odia movie;
  • 1985 Palataka – Adapted from novel by Kanhu Charan Mohanty; only directed movie by producer Prafulla Rath
  • 1985 Para Jhia Ghara Bhangena-Adapted from novel by Bhagirathi Das
  • 1986 Sabu Maya re BayaDirected by Sabyasachi Mahapatra, the film had Mumbai crew esp: Fights-Ram Shetty; Camera-Lawrence DSouza; Dance-Chinni Prakash

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  • 1986 Sata Kebe Luchi Rahena– Remake from Ullasam Geetam (Tamil), SP Balasubramaniam’s only Odia movie
  • 1987 Bhukha – First Sambalpuri movie adapted from novel by Manguli Charan Biswal, based on bajania tribals
  • Sulochana(not released) – Only directed movie by Hemant Das with Mahasweta in lead which was never released; adapted from Fakir Mohan Senapati’s classic ‘Patent Medicine’s Sulochana character
  • Manisha’ra Bilapa– Based on Kalindi Charan Panigrahi’s novel, its a never released film

TRIVIA OF REEL ODISHA FILM ERA - #Odia Old #Film Details #OdishaTalk #OdiaFilm Article By Taranisen Pattnaik old film poster eodisha.org
Data compiled from Odia films released in between 1936 & 1987. In case of any errors, viewers arerequested to kindly let us know via Tarani4u@gmail.com  Photo & Article By: Taranisen Pattnaik

Reference : Odia Chalachitra ra Agyanta Adhyaya by Bhim Singh 

By Taranisen Patnaik

A freelancer on Odisha & its culture | Blogger |Matchbox Collector| Founder http://aitiha.com/

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