4 Story Of Bhakta Kabi Jayadeva on Lord Jagannath- Kabi Jayadeva’s birthday on Akshyaya Trutiya near Prachi River Kenduli , #Odisha #Jagannath #Puri
Kabi Jayadeva’s birthday on Akshyaya Trutiya near Prachi River.
Jayadeva was a Sanskrit poet circa 1200 AD. He is most known for his composition, the epic poem Gita Govinda, which depicts the divine love of Krishna, and his consort, Radha. This poem, which presents the view that Radha is greater than Hari, is considered an important text in the Bhakti movement of Hinduism.
Sri Jayadeva was born on the auspicious day of Akshaya Trutiya from Sri Bhojadeva and Smt. Bamadevi in Kenduviliwa village surrounded by Kendu & Bilwa trees, situated near Prachi Valley of Puri District. Like Bhakta-Kabi Jagannath Dash’s “Bhagabata”, Sri Jayadev’s Geeta Govinda (composed in the second half of the 12th century A.D.) was spread due to its rhythmic musical excellence which was so dear to Sri Jagannath.
Sri Jayadeva not only contributed to the development of art, classical raga music, musical literature and sangita within the fold of rich ancient Indian cultural heritage, but also left behind a strong and rich tradition of ancient Indian classical music including all the three performing musical arts viz. vocal, instrumental and dancing for the prosperity. Shri Jayadeva flourished in the 12th century A.D. as is evident from the Kenduli copper plate grant discovered at Kenduli. Because of the lucidity and flamboyant style of Sringara consciousness, his work became popular in India within a short span of fifty years. Till now, more than fifty Tikas and more than 155 copied kavyas have already been written.
Gitagovinda has also been translated into many foreign languages like French, Russian, Japanese, English and Korean etc. Appropriately at present Gitagovinda has occupied an outstanding position in the firmament of world literature. Verily, it can be attributed as a literary heritage of humanity.
More about Kenduviliwa Village – The Birthplace of Jayadeva:-
In the holy land of Utkal, Jayadev, the poet of the Geeta Govinda, was born in a Brahmin village called Kenduvilwa. It was from Jagannath Puri that melodious verses of the Geeta Govinda vibrated to the distant corners of India and fascinated mankind all over the world.
This small village Kenduvilwa is located under Jayadev Panchayat of Balianta Police Station in the erstwhile district of Puri now Khurda. River Prachi, called Ganga of Odisha in the Puranas flows to the north and the sacred Kusabhadra of mythological importance flows in the south, increasing the holiness of the village.
The vast extensive shady groves of Kendu and Bilva trees once stretching along the village justified the name Kenduvilva. The village is divided mainly into 3 parts. These are Kenduli, Deuli Kenduli Patna and Kenduli Sasana.
Story Of Jayadeva behind Lord Jagannath during writing of GeetaGobinda:-
Bhakta Kabi Jayadeva was the great Devotee of Lord Jagannath, Padmabati was the wife of Jayadeva. Jayadeva got dream to write Geeta Gobinda. After that Jayadeva started writing daily Geete Gobinda on Palm Leaf .
One day During writing of Geetagobinda Jayadeva, he remembered to write “Dehi Pada Palabha Mudarum” – Meaning of “Dehi Pada Palabha Mudarum” is the lotus feet of Maa Radha Rani will be on the forehead of Lord Krishna . So he told I ll not write this para in Geeta Gobinda , Said as Radha Rani’s feet will be on my Lord’s Forehead ? No . So He stopped writing and went for a birth .
Jayadeva established the worship of a Narayan deity and in the waves of love which he felt for this deity, he began writing Gita-Govinda, with its incomparable ambrosia.
It is said that though Jayadeva is responsible for all the moods and sentiments which appear in the Gita-Govinda, he had some reticence about writing that Krishna fell down at Radharani’s feet to beg her forgiveness when she was angry with him for having deceived her.
On that day, when he left the house to take his bath in the ocean, Lord Jagannath himself came in, disguised as Jayadeva, opened his manuscript and completed the verse he had started smara-garala-khandanam mama sirasi mandanam with the words dehi pada-pallavam udaram: “Place the noble sprout of your foot as an ornament on my head, it dispels the poison of love in separation.” (GG 10.8)
Padmavati was surprised to see her husband back so soon from his bath and asked, “What are you doing here? You just left a minute ago.” The disguised Jagannath answered, “I thought of something on my way. I was afraid I might forget so I came back to write it down.”
Not long after Jagannath had left, the real Jayadeva returned. This time, Padmavati was really astonished to see him. She said, “You just left to go and take your bath. Just a few moments ago you were writing in your manuscript and then you left. How could you have finished and come back so quickly? I am beginning to wonder who that was and who you are?” Jayadeva was clever enough to guess what had happened and he went and looked at his unfinished text and saw the words that the Lord himself had written. His entire body was covered with horripilation and tears came pouring from his eyes. He called Padmavati and said to her, “You are so fortunate. Your life has been made worthy. You have had the good fortune to see the Lord himself. I am so lowly that I did not have that opportunity!
Story Of Jagannath’s love for Gita-Govinda –
There is a legend told in Jagannath Puri that there was a flower gardener’s daughter who had learned Gita-Govinda and would sing it with great emotion. Jagannath was attracted by her singing and would go to listen to her, only returning to the temple after she had finished singing.
One day, when the king of Orissa came to see the deity, he saw that the Lord’s body was covered in dust and his clothes were filled with thorns. He asked the pujaris the reason for the Lord’s disheveled condition, but no one could explain how it had come about.
The servants of the deity were afraid that they would be punished, but that night, Jagannath appeared to the king in a dream and explained that no one was to blame for his soiled condition that day. He had gone to listen to the gardener’s daughter and that the dust and thorns had covered him when in the garden.
The king was astonished to have received such information in a dream and he immediately sent for the gardener’s daughter to be brought to the court in a palanquin. After making inquiries from her, he decided that she should sing for Jagannath in the temple, rather than obliging the Lord to leave the temple and get all dirty. Ever since that time, girls named deva-dasis have been engaged by the temple to sing Gita-Govinda for Jagannath’s pleasure.
Many other amazing and miraculous events surrounded the life of Jayadeva. He used to serve his deities Radha and Madhava in a trance of divine love. It is said that just as the devotee dedicates himself to the Lord, the Lord also dedicates himself to his devotee. One day, Jayadeva was thatch his roof under the unforgiving midday sun. Jagannath saw the discomfort of his devotee and decided to help him finish the work quickly by handing him the rope needed to bale the straw and removing the finished bundles and placing them on the roof.
Jayadeva thought that it was Padmavati who was helping him in this way. But when he came down from the roof after finishing much earlier than expected, he saw no one there. He asked his wife and she told him that she had been busy elsewhere at the time. He was curious about what had happened, but struck with wonder when he went into the deity room and saw that Madhava’s hands were black from handling the straw. He was thus able to understand that it was Madhava himself who had come to help him thatch the roof. He fell down before his Lord and started to cry.
In the last twelve years of Mahaprabhu’s lila, he was absorbed in Radha’s mood and constantly relishing this hidden spirit of love. During this time, he would savor the songs of the Gita-Govinda.
Svarupa Damodar would sing songs that reflected the moods of the Lord whenever they arose, while Ramananda Raya selected verses from Vidyapati, Chandi Das and Gita-Govinda.
Day and night, Mahaprabhu ecstatically relished the songs of Chandi Das, Vidyapati and Ramananda Raya’s plays, as well as Krishna-karnamåta and Gita-Govinda in the company of Svarupa and Ramananda. (Chaitanya Charitamrita 2.2.77)
Story Of Jayadeva story behind his composed poem Geetagovinda:-
A story behind his composed poem Geetagovinda. One day when he was child reached Kapila Asrama to worship Lord Kapilanatha Siva. The he visited Lord Madhava. Later on he went to Manikapura in Kantapara and worshipped Gokarneswar and Madhava. There he visited Bhagirathi Ashram.
He crossed the river Prachi and came to Antravedi Math at Tribeni ghat. After night halting there in the next morning he went Ashram at Pandabkud. A sanyasi blessed him and advised him to visit Niali Madhava, Soumeswar Siva and other deities like Bhola Madhava and Jagatmbike.
Then the sanyasi realised his devotion to god and advised Vishnu Mantra with Gayatri Mantra and start pranayam with recitation of Vishnu Mantra..
On third day God appeared in dream and asked him to go to Triveni Ghat and locate Radha-Madhaba image from the river bed. God asked him to worship the image and articulate the Geetagovinda for the welfare of society. On the next day he recovered Radha-Madhava image from the river bed.
How He Promotes Geetagovinda :-
Padmavati, wife of Sri Jayadev was an excellent dancer. Everyday she performed dance before Lord Jagannath singing the songs in Chorus accompanied by Jayadev and merged in the thoughts of Lord Jagannath.
Sri Jayadev directed Padmavati how to perform. Except dance and music direction, Sri Jayadev was specialist in Raga and Tala and Chhanda. He mentioned different Ragas for 24 songs. Because in Geetagovinda he instructed every song to a special raga.
These raga are Malaba, Gurjari, Basanta, Ramakiri, Gundakiri, Karnata, Desakhya, Desibaradi, Malabagouda, Baradi, Bhairabi, Desi which are now used in odissi songs. So he laid foundation stone for Odissi Music.
The birth place of Odissi dance was from Srimandir and Sri Jayadev was the creditor of this art. Geeta Govinda is performed in all forms of Indian dance mainly Odissi, Bharatnatyam, Manipuri, Kuchipudi, Kathak. The Geeta Govinda padas have been rendered in the sophisticated Classical Musical styles of both Hindustani and Karnataki Music.
So, due to its purely musical excellence dealing with different Ragas, Talas and Chhandas, the artists of music and dance appreciate Geeta Govinda widely.
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