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Pattachitra – The Symbolized art of Odisha – Check the Video Procedure, Article by @ashishkumar_tw

Pattachitra is a general term for traditional, cloth-based scroll painting, based in the eastern Indian state, Odisha. In the Sanskritlanguage, “Patta” literally means “cloth” and “Chitra” means “picture”. Most of these paintings depict stories of Hindu deities.

The painting the ‘pattachitra’ resemble the old murals of Odisha especially religious centres of Puri, Konark and Bhubaneshwar region, dating back to the 5th century BC. The best work is found in and around Puri, especially in the village of Raghurajpur.

patachitraratha - Jagannath Rath Yatra at Puri  a modern pata-chitra from Orissa by Rabi Behera

How palm-leaf Pattachitra is prepared?
1) The palm leaves are are cut into proper size.
2) The leaves are then stitched so that it will form a big sheet.
3) Then the artist draws the art on the sheet with the help of “Lekhani”(The pen made of iron) so that
it leaves the mark on the palm leaf. Then they overwrite with pencil.
Please refer the video

4) Black color is put on the whole plam-leaf sheet and then cleaned so that the marks on the palm
leaf absorb the color and the art is displayed clearly.
This black color is prepared by burning lamp and mixing the carbon generated with oil.
Please refer the video


How cloth Pattachitra is prepared?

1) Tamarind seeds are dried in sunlight.
2) Then it is crushed and put in water.
3) It is grinded and a paste is prepared from it.
4) The cloth is tore into two pieces.
5) The paste is applied on one cloth.
6) Then the other piece of cloth is pasted over it.
Please refer the video
Odisha – Pattachitra (ପଟ୍ଟଚିତ୍ର) Paintings – DD Bharati 8

7) It is the dried in sunlight.
8) “KhaDi PaThara”(Lime stone) is crushed and grinded an a coating is applied over the cloth.
9) Then it is again dried in sunlight and cut into pieces of required size.
10) Then the border margin is drawn on the cloth. The painters do not use scale. They do it manually.
11) The border is then painted black. This “border painting” is locally called as “TippaNa”.
Please refer the video
Odisha – Pattachitra (ପଟ୍ଟଚିତ୍ର) Paintings – DD Bharati 9

12) After the border is prepared, different designs are made on it.
13) Then the sketch of the main art is prepared in white color 1st.
14) After the sketch is done, then it is filled with different colors.
Please refer Odisha – Pattachitra (ପଟ୍ଟଚିତ୍ର) Paintings – DD Bharati 10

The colors used in Pattachitra are natural colors.
Odisha Pattachitra is not only prepared on palm leaf or cloth, but also on the wood carvings.
Please refer Odisha – Pattachitra (ପଟ୍ଟଚିତ୍ର) Paintings – DD Bharati 11

Some artists also draw the Pattachitra on dry coconut covers.
Please refer Odisha – Pattachitra (ପଟ୍ଟଚିତ୍ର) Paintings – DD Bharati 12

Please visit “Raghurajpur” in Puri district of Odisha state (India) to see how the Pattachitra art is running through ages by virtue of the cultural heritage of Odisha.