Madhusudan Rao was a prominent Oriya poet of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He is popularly known in Odisha as “Bhaktakabi”. ..Madhusudan Rao was born in a Maharastrian Kshyatriya family in Puri. His ancestors were from the Maharashtriyan royal family of the Bhonslas from Nagpur. They came to Orissa during the rule of Marathas. After Orissa was ruled by the British many of these Marathas were left back in Orissa. He was born to one such family.