Odisha Legendary News : Birth Anniversary of Odia eminent Kabibar Radhanath Ray #RadhanathRay #OdiaPoetry #BirthAnniversary #Legend #Tribute #କବିବର #ରାଧାନାଥ_ରାୟ #ଜନ୍ମବାର୍ଷିକୀ #ଶ୍ରଦ୍ଧାଞ୍ଜଳି Article by Gorvachove
Radhanath Ray (Oriya: ରାଧାନାଥ ରାୟ) (1848–1908) is an Odia poet of initial modernity era in Oriya poetry during the later part of nineteenth century, and is honoured in Oriya literature with the title Kabibara. In his early life, he composed in both Bengali and Oriya languages, but later he shifted his writings in Odia only. He was born on 28 September 1848, at Kedarpur village in Baleswar district, Odisha. He has contributed verses and poetry for Odia literature in the nineteenth century.
Father Sri Sunder Narayana Ray and Mother Smt. Tarini Dasi. In the gradual development of Oriya literature Radhanath Ray occupies an important position. His creations have enriched Oriya literature and it can be undoubtedly told that through his unique literacy creations Oriya poetry in the nineteenth century has got new life, asset & appeal.
Role in the Odia language movement
At Radhanath’s time, in Odisha, the Oriya language movement was active. Though the medieval Oriya literature was richer in comparison to that of Bengali literature, however some of the Bengali educationalists wanted to abolish Oriya language as the medium of teaching from schools.
As Bengal was gripped by British Colonialism much before Odisha, the Bengalis had the privilege to motivate the Anglicist scholars to prove Oriya as a branch of Bengali language. John Beams, a British Officer of East India Company first tried to prove that Oriya is more ancient language than Bengali, and it had a richer literature which Bengali had not. In the Odisha division, there were only seven Oriya School teachers; Bengalis formed the majority of teachers, even in the remote areas. Consequently, Bengali text books were prescribed for Oriya students.
At that time, Radhanatha was one of prime figure along with Fakir Mohan Senapati, who fought against the expansionism of Bengali educationalist to eradicate Oriya language from Odisha.He was the Inspector of Odisha Schools Association and along with Fakir Mohan Senapati and Madhusudan Rao, he tried to promote text book writings.
He believed in Keat’s words that ‘A thing of beauty is a joy for ever. He is a panegyrist of nature. His poetries include Kedar Gouri, Chandrabhaga, Nandikeshwari, Usha, Parvati, Chilika, Mahajatra – Jajatikeshari, Tulasistabaka, Urbashi, Darabara, Dasaratha Biyoga, Savitri Charita & Mahendra Giri. Besides he has written more than fifteen essays. He died on 17th April, 1908.