Prathamastami is a rite is held in Odisha, India, for the life and prosperity of the eldest child who is offered a lighted lamp ovation by the senior female relatives followed by elaborate rituals during which the Mantras are recited. The celebration falls on the dark half eighth day – Ashtami – of the month of Margashirsha according to the Purnimanta calendar followed in North India, occurring after the eight day of Kartik Purnima. The ritual involves Aarathi of the eldest child by mother and relatives in which the maternal uncle sends the items necessary for the ritual, and Ganesha,Shashti devi and the family deity are worshipped. The main delicacy of the day is Enduri Pitha.
Pradamashtami is dedicated to worship Sati Debi. Women perform Sati Debi puja for health and wellbeing of their children. It is said that the vrata is mainly observed for their eldest children.A special recipe called ‘enduri is prepared on this day and offered to the deity.
Prathamashtami is a jubilant occasion in Laingaraj temple at Bhubaneswar. In this temple, the deity is taken for procession in a palanquin to ‘Papanasini, a lake or pond made especially for ritual bath, at the temple. It attracts thousands of devotees.
The social significance of this festival is that the first-borns are brighter and it is ultimately they who take up the burden of the family after the death of the parents. According to psychologists, the first-borns are mostly healthy, obedient and tradition-bound.
Therefore, the family tradition is maintained through them. For such obvious reasons the eldest child is honoured to occupy the respectable place in the family and it is he who maintains the heredity.