Guru Gomke Raghunath Murmu - Great Personalities of Odisha #Mayurbhanj
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Guru Gomke Raghunath Murmu – Great Personalities of Odisha #Mayurbhanj

Pandit Raghunath Murmu was born in Dandbose village of Mayurbhanj in 5 May 1905 to Nandlal Murmu’s family. His father Nandlal Murmu was village head and his paternal uncle was Munsi in the court of Raja Pratap Chandra Bhanjdeo.

His early name was Chunu Murmu. When he was eight years old he was admitted to an odia medium school. A little child is always obsessed towards his mother language so as Raghunath. He told his father to admit him in a Santali medium school. Then his father told him that there’s no letters and scripts of ‘Santali’ language. This incident had a great impact in his life. When he was a teacher in Badamatalia U P School he attracted and researched more on Santali language and in 1925 developed the “Ol Chiki” script used in Santali language and wrote “Bidu Chandan” a love drama in Ol Chiki script

Pandit Raghunath Murmu wrote many songs and plays. Raghunath Murmu also wrote school textbooks in the Ol Chiki script. Some of his notable works include

  • ” OL CHEMED ” (PRIMARY SYLLABUS OF OL CHIKI)
  • ” PARSI POHA ” (ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF OLCHIKI)
  • ” DARE GE DHON ”(DRAMA)
  • ” SIDU KANHU ” (PATRIOTIC DRAMA)
  • ” BIDU CHANDAN ” (FAMOUS LOVE DRAMA)
  • ” KHERWAL BIR ” (PATRIOTIC DRAMA)
  • ” HITAL ” (SCRIPTURE OF EVOLUTION OF EARTH AND HUMAN BEING OF KHERWALS MYTH)
  • ” HOR SERENG ” (SANTALI LITERATURE SONGS)
  • ” RONOR ” ( SANTALI GRAMMER)
  • ” ELKHA ” ( SANTALI MATHEMATICS)

Murmu was honoured by Mayurbhanj State Adivasi Mahasabha with the title “Guru Gomke“.His birthday 5th May was declared an “optional holiday” by the Odisha chief minister in 2016, and the state culture department was directed to celebrate the day annually, in honor of his creation of the Ol Chiki script.

Pandit Raghunath Murmu is inspiration for all the tribals. His invention of “Ol Chiki” script not only given new light to Santal community but also has laid inspiration for all other tribal community to develop their own script. 

Guru Gomke Raghunath Murmu - Great Personalities of Odisha #Mayurbhanj
Guru Gomke Raghunath Murmu – Great Personalities of Odisha #Mayurbhanj Art by – Saswat Debadutta

A P Subhakanta Samal

By A P Subhakanta Samal

Teacher, Proud Odia. Passionate about History and heritages of Odisha. Founder and Chief editor of Shubhdristi (ଶୁଭଦୃଷ୍ଟି), A bi-monthly Odia e magazine and literature portal.