April 13 — The Foundation Day of Bhubaneswar is celebrated on 13th April. It was on this day in 1948 that India’s first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had laid the foundation-stone for the new city. The city has now undergone various transformations and constant changes of the neighborhood and the buildings it contains.
Urban transformation is a habitual process in the evolution of cities. It is based on the relations between the cities’ physical, social and economic processes. Bhubaneswar’s transformation from an ancient temple town to a modern city was executed by German architect Dr Otto H Koenigsberger in 1948. The initial planning was done on neighborhood planning concept.
Bhubaneswar replaced Cuttack as the capital in 1948, the year after India gained its independence from Britain. The modern city was designed by the German architect Otto Königsberger in 1946. Along with Jamshedpur and Chandigarh, it was one of modern India’s first planned cities. Bhubaneswar and Cuttack are often referred to as the twin-cities of Odisha. Bhubaneswar is categorized as a Tier-2 city.
German town- planning engineer Otto Kolenigs Berger had prepared the master plan of the Bhubaneswar city .
Some Fact on Bhubaneswar
- The first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, had laid the foundation stone of the city on April 13 in 1948.
- Bhubaneswar is supposed to have had over one thousand temples; earning the tag of the Temple City of India.
- German town- planning engineer Otto Kolenigs Berger had prepared the master plan of the Bhubaneswar city.
- The city has a history of over 3,000 years starting with the Mahamegha-bahana Chedi dynasty (around the 2nd century BCE) which had its capital at Sisupalgarh, nearby.
- Bhubaneswar, derived its name from Tri bhubaneswar, which literally means the Lord (Eeswar) of the Three World (Tribhuban), which refers to Shiva.
- Bhubaneswar has been known by names such as Toshali, Kalinga Nagari, Nagar Kalinga, Ekamra Kanan, Ekamra Kshetra and Mandira Malini Nagari (“City of Temples”).
- Bhubaneswar replaced Cuttack as the capital in 1948, the year after India gained its independence from Britain.
- Along with Jamshedpur and Chandigarh, it was one of modern India’s first planned cities.
- In 2012, Bhubaneswar was ranked third among Indian cities, in terms of starting and operating a business by the World Bank.
- In 2011, according to a study by Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India, Bhubaneswar had the highest rate of employment growth among 17 Tier-II cities in India.
- Bhubaneswar is on track to be the education hub of the country with several high profile educational institutions already in the city: IIT Bhubaneswar, International Institute of Information Technology, Bhubaneswar (IIIT-Bh), Xavier Institute of Management(XIMB),Institute of Mathematics and Applications(IOMA), National Institute of Science Education and Research, National Institute of Fashion Technology, Institute of Physics,Institute of Life Sciences, Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology, Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Regional Medical Research Center and Regional Institute of Education.The other colleges of repute are College of Engineering and Technology, and Central Institute of Plastics Engineering and Technology.
- Bhubaneswar’s major sporting arena is the Kalinga Stadium, having facilities for athletics,football, hockey, basketball, tennis, table tennis and swimming.
- Kalinga Lancers, the sixth franchise of Hockey India League and Samaleswari S.C., a franchise of I-League 2nd Division, are based in Bhubaneswar with Kalinga Stadium as their home ground.
- Cupertino, California which houses the world famous company Apple is considered the sister city of Bhubaneswar. More details here: Cupertino adds Bhubaneswar, India, to its list of sister cities
- Nandankanan Zoological Park is a 400-hectare (990-acre) zoo and botanical garden inBhubaneswar, Odisha, India. Established in 1960, it was opened to the public in 1979 and became the first zoo in India to join World Association of Zoos and Aquariums(WAZA) in 2009.
- Nandankanan is famous for its white tiger population, a species it claims to have produced. In 1980, the first litter of white tigers were born to Deepak and Ganga — both normal tawny tigers. Subsequent litters of white tigers have been distributed to zoos both in India and internationally. Nandankanan is home to over 34 white tigers.
- In 2016 – Announced as Germany will be a partner India to develop Bhubaneswar as smart city
- In 2017 – #Bhubaneswar is the first city from India to win the elusive Pierre L’enfant Awards 2017 #Odisha
- After successfully hosting Champions Trophy, Bhubaneswar is all set to host World cup Hockey in 2018
- 2020 : Corona Updates – After Wuhan Bhubaneswar setting a global benchmark for establishing two large hospitals for Covid 19 in a record 14 days of 1000 bed capacity
- Knowledge Companies and HQs: With major Indian software and BPO firms such as Infosys, Tech-Mahindra, TCS, Wipro, Mindfire, Mindspace, Genpact, Firstsource, Mindtree and MphasiS setting shop here, Bhubaneswar is also the eastern India’s IT hub.
- Bhubaneswar has 5 medical colleges/institutes, about 75 engineering colleges/institutes and about 30 management institutes.
- Bhubaneswar is the host to India’s first Street Store concept where poor people can shop around for the clothes.
- The World Bank in it’s 2009 Doing Business – Subnational reports for India ranks Bhubaneswar at number 3 in terms of ease of doing business.
- It ranks Bhubaneswar at number 5 with respect to ease of starting a business, ranks Bhubaneswar at number 1 with respect to ease of exporting and importing, number 5 with respect to enforcing a contract, and number 5 with respect to ease of closing a business.
- A world-class convention and trade center is being constructed by Populous. The trade center will house the already operationalized World Trade Center, the 5th such center in India.
Reference : – bhubaneswar buzz & wiki