English Language for Exams Part 31 #EL #CE
Compound Tenses – Active Voice
Present Perfect Simple: He has played football.
Past Perfect Simple: He had played football.
Present Perfect Progressive:
He has been playing football.
Past Perfect Progressive:
He had been playing football.
Compound Tenses – Passive Voice
The house has/had been built.
Note that have is an irregular verb, too:
Simple Present: I/we/you/they have, he/she/it has
Simple Past: I/he/she/it/we/you/they had
Past Participle: had
“have” in positive sentences
As a full verb have indicates possession. In British English, however, we usually use have got (have being the auxiliary, got the full verb).
I have a car.
I have got a car.
“have” in negative sentences and questions
When we use have as a full verb, we must use the auxiliary do in negative sentences and questions. If we use have got, however, we do not need another auxiliary.
have as a full verb:
I do not have a car.
Do I have a car?
have as an auxiliary verb:
I have not got a car.
Have I got a car?
The verb “will”
The verb will can only be used as an auxiliary. We use it to
form the future tenses.
The auxiliary verb “will”
He will not play football.
He will have played football.
The verb will remains the same for all forms (no “s” for 3rd
person singular). The short form for negative sentences is
eg; I will, he will
I will not = I won’t
The verb “do”
The verb do can be both an auxiliary and a full verb. As an auxiliary we use do in negative sentences and questions for most verbs (except not for be, will, have got and modal verbs) in Simple Present and Simple Past. (Use the infinitive of the full verb.)
Modal Meaning Example
can to express ability I can speak a little Russian.
can to request permission Can I open the window?
may to express possibility I may be home late.
May to request permission May I sit down, please?
must to express obligation I must go now.
must to express strong belief She must be over 90 years
should to give advice You should stop smoking.