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English Language for Exams Part 30 #EL #CE

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Auxiliary Verbs are the verbs be, do, have, will when they are followed by another verb (the full verb) in

order to form a question, a negative sentence, a compound tense or the passive.

The verb “be”

The verb be can be used as an auxiliary and a full verb. As an auxiliary we use this verb for compound tenses and the passive voice. Note that be is an irregular verb:

Simple Present:

I am, he/she/it is, we/you/they are

Simple Past:

I/he/she/it was, we/you/they were

Past Participle:

been

You can tell that in the following sentences be is an auxiliary because it is followed by another verb (the full verb). (For progressive forms use the “-ing” form of the full verb; for passive voice, use the past participle of the full verb.)

Progressive Forms

Present Progressive:

He is playing football.

Past Progressive:

He was playing football.

Present Perfect Progressive:

He has been playing football.

Past Perfect Progressive:

He had been playing football.

Passive

Simple Present/Past:

The house is/was built.

Present/Past Perfect:

The house has/had been built.

Future I: Th e house will be built.

“be” as a full verb

The verb be can also be a full verb. In this case, it’s not followed by another verb. If be is used as a full verb, we do not need an auxiliary in negative sentences or questions.

positive sentence: They are fifteen years old.

negative sentence: They are not fifteen years old.

question: Are they fifteen years old?

The verb “have”

The verb have, too, can be used both as an auxiliary and as a full verb. As an auxiliary we use this verb to form

compound tenses in active and passive voice. (Use the past participle of the full verb.)

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