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Odisha’s Vyasa Fakir Mohan Senapati (13 January 1843 – 14 June 1918), Born on January 14, 1843, at Mallikashpur in Balasore. His Father is Laxman Charan Senapati and mother Tulsi Devi. He played a leading role in establishing the distinct identity of Odia language and literature.

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Fakir Mohan Senapati is regarded as the father of Odia nationalism and the modern Odia literature. He dedicated his life for the progress of Odia language in the later 19th and early 20th century. The story of Fakir Mohan is indeed the story of the “Renaissance” of Odia literature. Besides he was a social reformer and educator who used his pen to criticize and correct the aberrations prevalent in the society. He is called the father of Odia fiction.

He is often referred to as Utkala Byasa Kabi (Odisha’s Vyasa), was an Indian writer, poet, philosopher and social reformer. He played a leading role in establishing the distinct identity of Odia, a language mainly spoken in the Indian state of Odisha.

Mayadhar Mansingh had described Senapati as the Thomas Hardy of Odisha. Though he translated from Sanskrit, wrote poetry, and attempted many forms of literature, he is now known primarily as the father of modern Odia prose fiction. His four novels, written between 1897 and 1915, reflect the socio-cultural conditions of Odisha during the eighteenth and the nineteenth centuries. While the three novels, ‘Chha maana Atha Guntha’, ‘Mamu’ and ‘Prayaschita’ explore the realities of social life in its multiple dimensions, ‘Lachhama’ is a historical romance dealing with the anarchical conditions of Odisha in the wake of Maratha invasions during the eighteenth century.

Chha Maana Atha Guntha ( ଛମାଣ ଆଠ ଗୁଣ୍ଠ )is the first Indian novel to deal with the exploitations of landless peasants by the feudal Lord. It was written much before the October revolution of Russia or much before the emerging of Marxist ideas in India. Fakir Mohan is also the writer of the first autobiography in Odia, “Atma Jeebana Charita” .

Rebati” (1898) is widely recognized as the first Odia short story. It is the story of a young innocent girl whose desire for education is placed in the context of a conservative society in a backward Odisha village, which is hit by the killer epidemic cholera.

Utkala Bhramanam, that first appeared in 1892. Literally meaning Tour of Odisha, this poem, in reality, is not a travelogue but a commentary on the state of affairs in the Odisha of that time, written in a satirical manner.

Reference : – Wiki

A P Subhakanta Samal

By A P Subhakanta Samal

Teacher, Proud Odia. Passionate about History and heritages of Odisha. Founder and Chief editor of Shubhdristi (ଶୁଭଦୃଷ୍ଟି), A bi-monthly Odia e magazine and literature portal.