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Festivals of Odisha – Chitalaagi Amaabasyaa – The Festival of  Lord Jagannath #Hindu #festival #Puri #Odisha 

≈ ଚିତାଲାଗି ଅମାବାସ୍ୟା Chitalaagi Amaabasyaa ≈  (ଶ୍ରୀବିଗ୍ରହମାନଙ୍କର ଚିତାଲାଗି ବେଶ) ଉପସ୍ଥାପନା: ଦୀପକ

Chitau Pitha
Chitau Pitha

ଦୀର୍ଘ ଚାରିମାସର ଗ୍ରୀଷ୍ମ ପ୍ରବାହ ପରେ ଧରାପୃଷ୍ଠକୁ ଆସେ ବର୍ଷା । ବର୍ଷାର ଆଗମନରେ ଚାଷୀ କର୍ମତତ୍ପର ହୋଇଉଠେ । ବିଲରେ ବଛା, ତଳିପକା, ରୁଆ, ବେଉଷଣ କାମ କରେ; ଆସନ୍ତା ବର୍ଷର ଆହାର ପାଇଁ ଉଦ୍ଯୋଗ କରେ । ଏହି ସମୟରେ ଓଡ଼ିଶାର ପୁରପଲ୍ଲୀରେ ଶ୍ରାବଣ ମାସର ଅମାବାସ୍ୟା ଦିନ ଚିତାଲାଗି ବା ଚିତଉ ଅମାବାସ୍ୟା ପର୍ବ ପାଳିତ ହୁଏ । ଘରେ ଘରେ ଚିତଉ ପିଠା ହୁଏ । ଓଡ଼ିଆ ଘରର ପିଠା ଏଣ୍ଡୁରି, ଚକୁଳି, ମଣ୍ଡା ପିଠା ପରି ଚିତଉ ଏକ ସ୍ୱତନ୍ତ୍ର ଧରଣର ପିଠା ।

ଏହିଦିନ ଶ୍ରୀମନ୍ଦିରରେ ଶ୍ରୀବିଗ୍ରହମାନଙ୍କର ଚିତାଲାଗି ବେଶ ହୋଇଥାଏ । ସ୍ନାନଯାତ୍ରା ପରେ ଠାକୁରମାନେ ସ୍ନାନମଣ୍ଡପରୁ ଅଣସର ଘରକୁ ବିଜେ କରିବା ପରେ ଶ୍ରୀବିଗ୍ରହମାନଙ୍କର ମସ୍ତକରେ ଲାଗିଥିବା ହୀରା ନୀଳା ମାଣିକ୍ୟ ଖଚିତ ସୁବର୍ଣ୍ଣ ଚିତାକୁ ମଇଲମ (କାଢ଼ିଦେଇ) ହୋଇ ରତ୍ନଭଣ୍ଡାରରେ ଯଥାସ୍ଥାନରେ ରଖାଯାଇଥାଏ । ଚିତାଲାଗି ଅମାବାସ୍ୟା ଦିନ ଏହି ରତ୍ନଖଚିତ ସୁବର୍ଣ୍ଣ ଚିତା ପୁନର୍ବାର ଶ୍ରୀବିଗ୍ରହମାନଙ୍କ ମସ୍ତକରେ ଲାଗି ହୋଇଥାଏ । ଶ୍ରୀଜଗନ୍ନାଥଙ୍କ ମସ୍ତକରେ ହୀରାଖଚିତ ଚିତା, ମାଆ ସୁଭଦ୍ରାଙ୍କ ମସ୍ତକରେ ମାଣିକ୍ୟ ଖଚିତ ଚିତା ଏବଂ ଶ୍ରୀବଳଭଦ୍ରଙ୍କ ମସ୍ତକରେ ନୀଳାଖଚିତ ଚିତା ଦଇତାପତିମାନେ ଲାଗି କରିଥାନ୍ତି । ଏହି ଚିତା ଶ୍ରୀବିଗ୍ରହମାନଙ୍କ ମସ୍ତକରେ ଆସନ୍ତା ସ୍ନାନପୂର୍ଣ୍ଣିମା ପର୍ଯ୍ୟନ୍ତ ଲାଗି ରହିଥାଏ ।

Chitalagai Amavasya (Chitlagi Amavasi, Chitou Amavasya) is observed on New-Moon day in Shravan month or Sravana maas in Odisha.

Chitlagai Amabasya date In 2014

Chitlagai Amavasya date In 2014 is July 26.

It is an important festival in Puri Jagannath Temple. ‘Chita’ or decorating Lord Jagannath’s forehead with a golden mark is the main ritual of this Amabasya in Puri Jagannath Temple. This year (2014)  it is also observed as Shani Amavasya as it falls on Shanivar (Saturday).

Chitou Pitha’, a special rice recipe, is offered to Lord Jagannath on this day. In rural areas of Odisha, this festival is celebrated as an agricultural festival .

History with Lord Jagannath

Chitou Amavasya odia festivalAs Lord Jagannath is the presiding deity of Odisha. Many of His festivals are also devotionally followed in Odia households. Chitalagi or Chitou Amavasya is one such festival which falls on the new-moon day of the sravana (August). On this day, in the temple of Jagannath, the deity bears a golden mark (chita) on the forehead. A special variety of rice-cake known as Chitou pitha is given to the deity as food-offering. This variety is also prepared in every household of the Oriyas of the coastal districts.

Related with Farmer :-

In rural areas this is more or less observed as an agricultural festival. On this occasion the farmers worship the paddy-fields. After a purificatory bath in the morning they go to their respective paddy-fields with cake, flowers, milk etc and pray the fields to yield a good crop.

Tradition of Chitou Amabasya:-

It is in the primitive tradition to appease evil powers through worship; whether they are animals, serpents, inspects or plants. People worship and pray them to avoid their wrath. Pilas breed enormously in the paddy-fields and tanks during the rainy season. Farmers while working bare-footed in the fields often get their feet cut by the sharp edge of their shells. Therefore, during the festival the piles is appeased as a female form of evil power known as ‘Gandeisuni’ (Genda is pile). The farmer girls go to the fields and while offering cakes pray “Oh, Gandeisuni, be appeased and do not cut the legs of my father or brother”.

Importance of Harali kans :- 

In Sambalpur areas this festival is known as ‘Harali kans‘. People of the areas believe it to be a day of the witch, Tandei who moves in the dark to suck the blood of the children. To save children from her wrath mothers draw peculiar designs below the naval zone of the children before the night falls. As they believe that would scare away witch, a common variety of rice-cake Chakuli Pitha is offered to the witch to be appeased and thereafter the cake is taken by all.