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67th foundation day of Odisha Capital Bhubaneswar – Happy Birthday #Bhubaneswar #Odisha #India #FoundationDay

India, April 13 — The Foundation Day of Bhubaneswar is celebrated on 13th April. It was on this day in 1948 that India’s first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had laid the foundation-stone for the new city. The city has now undergone various transformations and constant changes of the neighbourhood and the buildings it contains.

Urban transformation is a habitual process in the evolution of cities. It is based on the relations between the cities’ physical, social and economic processes. Bhubaneswar’s transformation from an ancient temple town to a modern city was executed by German architect Dr Otto H Koenigsberger in 1948. The initial planning was done on neighbourhood planning concept.

67th foundation day of Odisha Capital Bhubaneswar - Happy Birthday #Bhubaneswar #Odisha #India #FoundationDay
67th foundation day of Odisha Capital Bhubaneswar – Happy Birthday #Bhubaneswar

Bhubaneswar replaced Cuttack as the capital in 1948, the year after India gained its independence from Britain. The modern city was designed by the German architect Otto Königsberger in 1946. Along with Jamshedpur and Chandigarh, it was one of modern India’s first planned cities. Bhubaneswar and Cuttack are often referred to as the twin-cities of Odisha. Bhubaneswar is categorised as a Tier-2 city.

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