Kenduli Village :The Birth Place of Bhakta Kabi Jayadeva #Odisha #Kenduli #Bhubaneswar
Kenduli Sasan (sasan means Brahmin settlement) in Balipatna PS under Khurda district is the birthplace of the Sanskrit lyricist, Jayadev. Medieval Indian literature refer to this place by the name Kenduvilva, derived from two terms – Kendu & Vilva (local fruits trees available in plenty even now). It’s above 20kms from Bhubaneswar. In the tourism map it’s referred as Jayadev Pitha & a must visit for those seeking quietude & also a haven for picnic seekers. Kenduli village may be approached from Bhubaneswar through three ways-
- BBSR>> Rasulgarh>> Phulnakhra>> Andharua>>Kenduli
- BBSR>>Tankapani Road>> Puri Main Canal (left side)>> Kakarudrapur>>Kenduli
- BBSR>>Uttara Square>>Balakati>>Kenduli
Kenduli Sasan is a village in the banks of the Prachi river (a Triveni sangam) in Khurda district. It has recently been recognized as the birthplace of the well-known Sanskrit lyricist, Jayadev known for his magnum opus “Geeta Govinda” (12th century). This village appears to have been a center for Hindu literature during the 10th and 11th centuries. Jayadev himself refers to his birthplace in the seventh song of the Gita Govinda as Kenduvilva, located by the sea “Kinduvilva samudra sambhava Rohini ramanena”. Kenduli Sasan has several brick temples and sculptures dating back to the time of Jayadev in the tenth and eleventh centuries A.D. In fact, several such temples belonging to Jayadev’s period have also been excavated here by the Archaeological Survey of India including statues belonging to Jainism & Buddhism. The Jayadev Pitha is maintained by Odisha Tourism & Archeological Survey of India. The artificial water way is named Yamuna River. Apart from it, there’s a scenic man-made pond inside the Jaydev Pitha called “Padmavati Pond which has the image of Lord Krishna dancing on the multi-hooded tamed serpent ‘Kāliyā’. The huge artificial garden inside the complex is called Jayadev Heritage Garden.
There’s ‘banabhoji’ (picnic) facility available inside the garden at a nominal fees.The Jayadev Sanskrutika Parishad, a cultural organization, has established a museum here containing images and other archaeological relics excavated here. An annual cultural function in honor of the poet Jayadev is organized at Kenduli. On Akshay Trutiya day, which falls on the poet’s birth day, a two-day procession is taken from Bhubaneswar to Kenduvilva, the poet’s birthplace.
Next to the garden is the heritage Padmavati Temple which has two granite statues of Padmavati (or Mahalaxmi), assigned to 6th-7th century. The original Padmavati statue was discovered only in 1964 in utter state of ruins, restored & conserved by ASI in 1971. The two-handed Padmavati holds a lotus (padma) in one hand & one fruit in the other, worshipped as the primal deity. It is surmounted by a seven hooded snake & the other (parswa devi) by a five hooded snake. It is said that Jayadev was an ardent worshipper of the two deities.
Speaking about Kenduli & ignoring info on Jayadev would be a disrespect. Anyway, Bipra Jayadev Goswami (known as Jayee Bhaina locally) was born into an Utkal Culin Brahmin family in Kenduvilwa. It is also where the poet spent his childhood, with his parents, Bhojadeva and Vamavati. At the age of 8, he lost his parents & was forced to seek alms for livelihood & studying Sanskrit. He was then brought up by his friend Parashar’s father & teacher Pt Ratnakar Mishra. He was married to a devadasi from Kanchi Balarampur, named Padmavati, the daughter of Deva Varma & Aparna.Numerous talapatra & tamrapatra manuscripts have been recovered which throws light on the life of Jayadev. Some inscriptions in other temples also describes about Jayadev & his popularity as a Sanskrit scholar.
Foot-way leading to Jayadev Pitha’s Fountain. Site of Jayadev Pitha: Its said that Jayadev was born at this very place Jayadev buxom statue:-Inaugurated by then CM Mr Biju Patnaik 1992 on the occasion of Akshay Trutiya, Jayadev’s birthday. Padmavati Pond:-Man-made pond inside the Jaydev Pitha called “Padmavati Pond which has the image of Lord Krishna dancing on the multi-hooded tamed serpent ‘Kāliyā’.Lotus in full bloom inside Padmavati Pond. Inscriptions inspired from Geeta Govinda & Dasavataram hymns in Sanskrit alongwith its Odia & English translations
Garden:- The huge artificial garden inside the complex is called Jayadev Heritage Garden. One can have the feel of ‘kunjavan’ by while strolling around the garden filled with sweet aroma of flowers & cacophony of various birds Fruits n Flowers at Jayadev Pitha:- All types of ayurvedivc plants & trees alongwith flowering plants are in plenty at the garden including Ashoka (our state flower). Other fruits trees incl. Mango, Jackfruit, Vat, Aswat, Patali, Jamba, Jambila, Neem, Sahada, Bhadraksh, baula, Beil, Kendu, Khajur etc. Jayadeva Museum:- The Jayadeva Sanskrutika Parishad, a cultural organization, has established a museum here containing images and other archaeological relics excavated here. Mukteswar Temple: An old heritage temple of Lord Shiva, named Mukteswar Temple is inside the Padmavati Temple complex. The shivling here is patalmukhi. Jayadev’s father was a great disciple of Mukteswar. Padmavati Temple:- Padmavati Temple has two granite statues of Padmavati (or Mahalaxmi), assigned to 6th-7th century. The original Padmavati statue was discovered only in 1964 in utter state of ruins, restored & conserved by ASI in 1971. The two-handed Padmavati holds a lotus (padma) in one hand & one fruit in the other, worshipped as the primal deity. It is surmounted by a seven hooded snake & the other (parswa devi) by a five hooded snake. Madhaba & Nrusinghanath Temple:– Two of the prominent temples during Jayadev’s time which were frequented by him. Nrusinghanath temple is still in Kenduli village which was once renovated by Puri Gajapti Anangabhima Deva II on special request by Jayadev. It has image of Nrusingha carrying Lakshmi on his lap, one of the peculiarities of the Ganga dynasty. The Madhabananda temple is located at Madhaba, near Kenduli. Collage showing Village Life in Kenduli:- Village kids beating the heat inside the pond, cycling in rustic roads, village streets, our story teller –Pana Mallik, the betel shop owner opp. Jayadev Pitha