Bhuban – Largest Village of south Asia – The Birthplace of Saheed Baji Rout #Dhenkanal #Odisha

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Bhuban – Largest Village of south Asia – The Birthplace of Freedom Fighter Baji Rout #Dhenkanal #Odisha

Bhuban is a town and a NAC, in the sub-division of Kamakshyanagar, Dhenkanal district in the state of Odisha, India. It is the largest village of south Asia.

It is well known for its Brass and Metal crafts (‘Kansa pittal basan’). The village has a blend of cultures as people of different cultures (Hindu, Muslims) reside here. Most of the population are Hindus. Business, cultivation are the major activities of the people to earn their livings. It is basically a business hub for the people, who live in around a 20 km radius surrounding it.

Photo by Chalo Odisha FB Page

Photo by Chalo Odisha FB Page

Bhuban is the birthplace of Sahid Baji Rout (b. 1925, martyred 10 October 1938), “the youngest martyr” of India,  who was shot in 1938 at Nilakanthapur, Bhuban.

It’s having a beautiful scenery with fabulous climate. It is famous for bullock festival (Balada Yatra), Dusserah puja. Bhuban is the birth place of Sahid Baji Rout.

Bullocks decoration on Vijayadashami Festival :

In Bhuban ,On Vijayadashami, Bullocks are decorated using beads, furs, colourful saddles and become a part of the procession, which is not done elsewhere in the world. In the second day of the celebration immersion of goddess Durga takes place. The Bullock festival of Bhuban has a special identity. Legend says, in ancient days Bullocks were used for both transport and conveyance. The Thoriya community and Baladia bania community (A community of Goldsmith caste) of Bhuban used Bullocks for trade and business purposes.


The Baladia community used to travel miles through the neighbouring villages to trade gold and silver jewelleries. So to offer homage to the Bullocks, during Dusserah period, when the bullocks are not enganged in any work by farmers, the Thoriya and Baladia community people were taking the bullocks to gramdevi at Banijari and worshiped them. Then the bullocks make few rotation around The Gramdevi. In subsequent time this became a convention and custom for the people of Bhuban.

In present-day the bullocks are decorated with ornaments, beads, bells in their neck, colourful velvet saddles in their back. They are treated with utmost care and are fed well before they are taken for the worship at Gramadevi (Village Goddess) as in the tradition. This shows the rich cultural tradition of “Bhubanians” and their empathetic associations with Animals .

Then the Bullocks are taken for a procession with full blown music. Interestingly the bullocks are not frightened to the loud music. The procession covers about 3 to 4 km and runs the whole night. The procession starts around 6 PM and goes till the next day morning. So, anybody who knows any “Bhubanian” must know the special Dussehra celebrated here. The “Aarisa Pitha” is a very much talked about sweet dish prepared at homes in this festival.

Bali Jatra in Bhuban :-
Bali Jatra, means Festival of Sand. One day before Kartik Poornima a local festival known as “Bali jatra” takes place around the Shiva temple named Brudheswar temple on the bank of brahmani river with much splendor. Many people gather near Brundeswar temple for Bali Jatra. People take bath very early in the morning in the Brahmani river and worpship Shiva Lingam made up off sand, on the bank of the river. The rituals related to Balunga (God of Sands) starts from the Navami of the month and last up to the Poornima or fullmoon day .Sand idols are worshipped among the elderly ladies of the village, known as Balunga Oshaa (Rituals of Sand God) and is performed on the same day. Lord Kartikeswara and Lord Shiva are also worshipped on the Kartik Poornima.

In Odia history, people used to go for sailing across the river for business and trading, after worshipping the Lord, is popularly known as Boita Bandana which means worship of the boat. So, on the same day, paper boats are lighted with candle and are floated in the river as a symbol of remembrance of the past traditions of Sadhaba Community. People make a delicious dish of food item called Bada Oshaa Bhoga made up off raw rice grindings, cocunut and sugar to perform the Naivedhya.


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